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Occupational Therapy

Database Search Strategies

Identify alternative and keywords to describe each PICO component. Consider the following questions to uncover alternative and keywords for each component: 


  • Who is the patient?
  • What is the population or disorder of interest?
  • What are key characteristics of the patient, problem or population?
  • What health concerns are of interest? 


  • What is the intervention or event? 
  • What therapeutic, diagnostic, preventative or other health care actions or processes are of interest? 
  • What do you want to do for the patient or population?  

Comparison (if applicable)

  • Is there an alternative intervention? 
  • What is the intervention being compared to?


  • What is the effect of the treatment/intervention?
  • What are the results of the intervention? 
  • What are you trying to accomplish, improve, or effect?