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Physical Therapy

Minimal Plagiarism without Attribution

Minimal plagiarism without attribution: 

  • Inserting verbatim phrases of 2-3 distinctive words. 
  • Substituting synonyms into the original sentence rather than rewriting the complete sentence.
  • Reordering the clauses of a sentence. 
  • Limiting the sentence, paragraph, or organizational structure or writing styles of a source. 
  • Using a source's line of logic, thesis, or ideas.


  • Use situation as an education opportunity to discuss with the students the nature of plagiarism and the values of a scholarly, Christian community. 
  • At the professor's discretion, assignments may be rewritten and resubmitted, with or without a grade penalty. 
  • Repeated instances of minimal plagiarism may, at the professor's discretion, be treated as substantial plagiarism. The professor plans to exercise discretion in cases of minimal plagiarism, procedures, and consequences should be clearly described in the course syllabus/learner guide. 

Substantial Plagiarism

Substantial plagiarism without attribution: 

  • Inserting verbatim sentences or longer passages from a source. 
  • Combining and paraphrasing with verbatim sentences to create a paragraph or more of text. 
  • Repeatedly and pervasively engaging in minimal plagiarism. 

Complete Plagiarism

It is considered complete plagiarism when any of the following occurs: 

  • Submitting or presenting completed published or unpublished work (paper, article, or chapter) as your own.
  • Submitting another student's work from an assignment, with or without that student's knowledge or consent.  
  • Using information from a campus file or old assignments. 
  • Downloading a term paper from a website. 
  • Buying a term paper from a mail order company or website 
  • Reusing or modifying a previously submitted paper (e.g., from another course) for a present assignment without obtaining prior approval from the instructor/s involved. 


Cheating on a written or laboratory exam:

Cheating includes the actual use or attempt to use unauthorized materials, technology, or other aids on any form of academic work. It also includes the unauthorized giving of assistance, receiving of assistance, or any attempts thereof on academic work. 

Examples of cheating include: 

  • Failure to follow rules or instructions on an examination or another activity undertaken for academic credit where such a failure could result in the student gaining an unfair advantage. 
  • Removing an examination from the examination room unless authorized by the instructor. Obtaining any portion of an examination before it is officially available or learning of any portion of an examination content before it is officially available.
  • Copying another person's answer to an examination question. 
  • Consulting an unauthorized source during an examination. 
  • Consulting or seeking the assistance or others when writing a "take home" examination unless permitted by the course instructor. 
  • Submitting work prepared in collaboration with another or other member(s) of a class, when collaborative work on a project has not been authorized by the instructor. 
  • Preparing work in whole or in part, with the expectation that this work will be submitted by another students for appraisal. 
  • Offering for sale, or for free, essays or other assignments, in whole or in part, with the expectation that these works will be submitted by a student for appraisal. 
  • Impersonation in class, in a test, examination or interview, or in connection with any other type pof assignment or placement associated with a course or academic program. 

Consequences for Plagiarizing and Cheating

The instructor has the right to impose any of the following sanctions for plagiarism and/or cheating: ‚Äč

  • The work is accepted with a reduced grade higher than F. 
  • The work is accepted with a grade of F. 
  • The work is accepted with a grade of zero. 
  • The students was given a deadline by which to submit a satisfactory replacement assignment with a reduced grade or for ne credit. 
  • The students is given an overall grade reduction would result in an "F." In such cases, the instructor is authorized to enforce the grade-policy reduction. 

If an incident occurs during a class exam, the student earns no credit for the exam. All incidents of plagiarism and/or cheating are reported using a form found in the University of Mary Academic Honor Code and Honor System policy.  In addition, the physical therapy instructor must report cheating to the Program Director and the matter is reviewed by Physical Therapy Department as a whole. The physical therapy faculty have the option to dismiss the student from the program. The student has the option to appeal the faculty's decision to the Academic Standards and Admission Committee. 

If an instructor deems the violation to warrant a more severe sanction than those listed about (e.g., failing the class due to a sanction alone, drop from program, probation) or in cases where the students does not confess to the charges and there is not indisputable proof of a violation the incident will be referred to the next person in the channel of communication for the course. That person will provide the students with notice of the accusation, supporting documentation, and an opportunity to respond within a reasonable deadline. That person will determine if a disciplinary response is warranted and the appropriate level of response based on all evidence submitted;  however, this person does not have authority to suspend or dismiss a student from the university. Any recommendation in this regard must be forward to the formal system for decision making. For more information on this process, consult University of Mary Academic Honor Code and Honor System.